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CONSTANCE AGATHA CUMMINGS-JOHN

1918-2000

Sierra Leone

Fondatrice du Mouvement des Femmes de Sierra Leone (Sierra Leone Women’s Movement (SLWM), Constance Agatha Cummings-John était politicienne, enseignante et militante pour les droits des femmes africaines. Son franc-parler et son refus de se plier sous la pression exercée sur elle par le gouvernement colonial ont fait de la Sierra Leone un endroit dangereux pour elle. Elle est la première femme africaine à devenir maire d'une grande ville africaine, Freetown, en Sierra Leone. 

 

Sources :

CUMMINGS-JOHN, Constance. Constance Cummings-John. Pan-African History, 2003, p. 29.

ADI, Hakim et SHERWOOD, Marika. Pan-African history: Political figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787. Routledge, 2003.

ABDULLAH, Hussaina J. Forging Ahead without an Affirmative Action Policy: Female Politicians in Sierra Leone's Post‐War Electoral Process. IDS Bulletin, 2010, vol. 41, no 5, p. 62-71.

M. ALPHA BAH. Constance Agatha Cummings-John: Memoirs of a Krio Leader. 2000.

MAMA, Amina et BARNES, Teresa (Ed.). Rethinking universities I. African Gender Institute, 2007.

JOHNSON-ODIM, Cheryl. ‘For their freedoms’: The anti-imperialist and international feminist activity of Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria. In : Women's Studies International Forum. Pergamon, 2009. p. 51-59.

HEYWOOD, Linda. Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787. The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 2005, vol. 38, no 1, p. 117.

CHRISTIAN, Mark. Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787. African Studies Quarterly, 2005, vol. 8, no 2, p. 92-95.

FORDE, Coolie. Layila, Kakatua wan bi Lida. Sierra Leonean Writers Series, 2016.

STEADY, Filomina Chioma. Collective Action for Political Empowerment. In:Women and Collective Action in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2006. p. 37-58.

HAY, Margaret Jean. Queens, prostitutes and peasants: Historical perspectives on African women, 1971–1986. Canadian Journal of African Studies/La Revue canadienne des études africaines, 1988, vol. 22, no 3, p. 431-447.

DENZER, LaRay. Wallace-Johnson and the Sierra Leone labor crisis of 1939. African Studies Review, 1982, vol. 25, no 2-3, p. 159-183.

HØGSBJERG, Christian John. Recovering the Afro-Metropolis before Windrush. Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal, 2016, vol. 13, no 1, p. 5.

STEADY, Filomina Chioma. Collective Action for Educational and Occupational Empowerment. In:Women and Collective Action in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2006. p. 75-93.

MARTIN, Maria, SHELTON, Jason E., BRYANT, Dante, et al.More Power to Your Great Self”: Nigerian Women‟ s Activism and the Pan-African Transnationalist Construction of Black Feminism. Phylon, 1960, vol. 53, no 2, p. 54-78.

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2000/mar/02/guardianobituaries3(consulté le 09/ 01/ 2020)

https://www.africanfeministforum.com/fr/constance-cummings-john-sierra-leone/(consulté le 09/ 01/2020)

https://blackthen.com/constance-cummings-john-politician-teacher-and-first-african-woman-mayor-of-a-major-african-city/(consulté le 09/01/20 20)